While it might seem almost impossible to keep up with new technologies and innovations from around the world, there are clearly some areas that are having a global impact on the IT industry. After all, the development, maintenance and use of computer systems, software and networks for the processing and distribution of data, is a sector that quite literally provides the backbone of modern industry. Here are 5 trends that are already influencing the future of Information Technology and, most experts agree, will likely continue to do so:
1. Data security
The more data-reliant we become the more concerned we are with our cybersecurity and privacy. There have been several high-profile data breaches and hacks in the media of late, so much so that investment in security has become a large part of the digital landscape for both private and commercial spaces. Of course, with a steady stream of new technologies, there are even newer security risks emerging. This IT sector will be in a state of constant innovation and development for many years to come.
2. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
This is a fascinating area of computer science that is focused on driving the creation of intelligent machines and algorithms that problem solve and react like humans. Many analysts are predicting that most (if not all) software will use AI on some level within just a few years (Gartner, US Research and Advisory Firm). From robotics to knowledge engineering and even machine learning, this is an exciting and challenging field of Information Technology. One that is sure to have a far-reaching influence on future IT sectors.
While Bitcoin’s recent publicity may have drawn public attention to Blockchain technology in terms of cryptocurrency, there is a vast wealth of untapped potential in this sector. Enterprises of many kinds are finding ways to transform time-consuming, centralised, less reliable and less secure systems using Blockchain principles. From providing citizens with more of a voice in political processes to streamlining supply chains, this IT field has an exciting future ahead!
4. Augmented Reality (AR)
There are already many wonderful applications of this technology across a wide spectrum of activities. From art and entertainment to commerce, military and education, AR combines real-time 3D vision, sound, haptics (touch) and even smell to enhance one’s perception of reality. This can create an enhanced user experience and can even be used to train doctors or police officers. Not to mention the untapped gamification and engagement potential for cutting-edge brands, this IT field is definitely sticking around.
5. Internet of Things (IoT)
The IoT is simply the networking of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators and connectivity. Today, all of these objects are able to connect and exchange data to streamline and anticipate user experience. This intelligent digital mesh is already the foundation for business models, platforms and lifestyles around the world. Building a career in connecting and analysing this rich stream of device-to-device data will remain a key IT sector moving forward.
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